A non-exhaustive list of institutions offering scholarships for graduate studies:
CIFRE brings together recent graduates, academic institutes, and commercial partners for a joint three year program leading to a doctoral degree. The companies hire students under 3-year contracts providing an annual salary of at least 20,215 euros. During these three years, the student splits their research time between the academic institute and the company according to the rules established in the contract.
The student becomes a link between the industry and academia. Although it is sometimes a delicate position, requiring the student to satisfy the needs of the industrial partner while simultaneously ensuring that the scientific content of their thesis does not suffer thereby, it provides a constant opportunity to learn about new aspects of both the industrial and academic worlds and oneself, and it is a unique professional experience.
The list of CIFRE positions is available on the website of the ARNT: http://www.anrt.asso.fr/index.jsp
Other scholarships for the masters degree research project
In accordance with the decisions taken by its board of directors on the 27th of November, 2010, the PRES UniverSud Paris offers funding for research projects of the second year of the masters degree undertaken in partnership between teams at at least two of its member institutions.
Other PhD scolarships
The INRIA, and the departments of the CEA, CEA-DSM, CEA-DSV, and CEA-DAM, offer PhD scholarships. The INSERM, the INRA, the INED, the CNES, the IFREMER, the ONERA, the ADEME, and the ANVAR also offer full or partial scholarships for PhD students. For more information, contact their respective research departments.
Certain ERC projects have recently started offering doctoral scholarships.
You can apply for scholarships from the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie through their website.
Eiffel Scholarships provide partial funding for PhD theses carried out in partnership with two academic advisers, one in France and one in a foreign country (preferably a developing nation). This scholarship is only for students who already have funding in their country of origin and are seeking complementary funding in France. For more information, see http://www.egide.asso.fr/fr/programmes/eiffeldoct/.
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